Teaching Resources

Teaching environmental issues in your classroom is a critical component of providing your students a Meaningful Watershed Educational Experience. Discover a wealth Chesapeake Bay related books, multimedia, curriculum guides, individual lesson plans and online data sources.

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Resources > Native American  
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Waterways

As a result of this lesson, students develop a map that identifies waterways that have been important in the transportation of goods and people in the United States. Students will use color to show how the use of waterways has changed over time, and will diagram the methods of water travel through history.

Subject(s): Language Arts, Social Studies
Type(s): Lessons and Activities
Level(s): Elementary School
Keywords: boats, canoes and kayaks, culture and watermen, John Smith and colonial times, Native American, transportation

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What Is a Wood-and-Bark Shelter Lesson

Students learn about how the Powhatan people used wood and bark from nature to create a shelter that would protect them from the outside weather. They then participate in a group activity where they discuss how the American Indians traded corn with the settlers and helped the settlers plant corn for food.

Subject(s): Social Studies
Type(s): Lessons and Activities
Level(s): Elementary School
Aligned with the following standard(s): Virginia
Keywords: John Smith and colonial times, Native American

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Transportation of the Powhatan Indians of the Eastern Woodlands Lesson

Students learn how the Powhatan Indians used canoes to navigate the waterways of Virginia and then create their own paper canoes.

Subject(s): Art, Social Studies
Type(s): Lessons and Activities
Level(s): Elementary School
Aligned with the following standard(s): Virginia
Keywords: Native American, transportation

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Shelters of the Powhatan Indians of the Eastern Woodlands Lesson

Students learn about Powhatan tribe homes and construct their own wood and bark house.

Subject(s): Art, Social Studies
Type(s): Lessons and Activities
Level(s): Elementary School
Aligned with the following standard(s): Virginia
Keywords: forest, Native American

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Means of Survival for the Powhatan Indians of the Eastern Woodlands Lesson

Students learn about the Powhatan Indian way of life and how they survived as fisherman, hunters, and farmers. They also learn that James River was important to the Powhatan tribes in providing both food and transportation.

Subject(s): Social Studies
Type(s): Lessons and Activities
Level(s): Elementary School
Aligned with the following standard(s): Virginia
Keywords: forest, Native American

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History and Social Science Standards of Learning Enhanced Scope and Sequence: Virginia Studies

School divisions and teachers may use the Enhanced Scope and Sequence as a resource for developing sound curricular and instructional programs. These materials are intended as examples of how the knowledge and skills might be presented to students in a sequence of lessons that have been aligned with the Standards of Learning.

Subject(s): Social Studies
Type(s): Lessons and Activities
Level(s):
Aligned with the following standard(s): Virginia
Keywords: John Smith and colonial times, Native American

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Culture and Lifestyles of American Indian (First American) Tribes Lesson

Students learn how to create a shadow box containing "artifacts" that reflect one of the following American Indian (First American) tribes: Inuit, Kwakiutl, Sioux, Pueblo, and the Iroquois.

Subject(s): Art, Social Studies
Type(s): Lessons and Activities
Level(s): Middle School
Aligned with the following standard(s): Virginia
Keywords: Native American

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Contributions of American Indians (First Americans) Lesson

Students learn about the many contributions of the three American Indian groups including their art work, oral history and farming practices.

Subject(s): Social Studies
Type(s): Lessons and Activities
Level(s): High School
Aligned with the following standard(s): Virginia
Keywords: Native American

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Beyond Jamestown: Virginia Indians Yesterday and Today Teacher Guide

This teacher guide explores Virginia Indian history from the Indian perspective and shows that Virginia Indian cultures are vibrant and thriving. Activities include pottery making, corn husk dolls and three sister gardening.

Subject(s): Art, Language Arts, Social Studies
Type(s): Curriculum Guide
Level(s): Elementary School, Middle School
Aligned with the following standard(s): Virginia
Keywords: John Smith and colonial times, Native American

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Riverworks Discovery: Wheel House Log Book

The Hudson, Delaware, Susquehanna, Potomac, and James Rivers are some of the most important in the Mid-Atlantic region. These historic rivers contribute to our nation’s economy, history, and culture. This information and activity packet provides content on watersheds, early exploration of the region, the history of water travel and trade, and more.

Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies
Type(s): Lessons and Activities
Level(s): Elementary School
Keywords: boats, canoes and kayaks, development, air pollution and fossil fuels, culture and watermen, John Smith and colonial times, litter, trash and recycling, Native American, restoration, transportation

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We Have a Story to Tell Teaching Guide -- The Native Peoples of the Chesapeake Region

This teaching guide is intended for use with students in grades 9-12. The guide identifies Native American ways of life before, during and after contact with Europeans. It focuses especially on how Powhatan, Nanticoke, and Piscataway peoples responded to the upheavals that began with the colonial period and includes activities that focus on critical contemporary issues that affect Native communities in the region.

Subject(s): Language Arts, Social Studies
Type(s): Curriculum Guide
Level(s): High School
Keywords: John Smith and colonial times, Native American

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Captain John Smith's Map of the Chesapeake Bay Lesson

Students will learn how to interpret a primary sources, John Smith's map and excerpts from Smith's journal. They will then identify places on a map that show John Smith's routes and identify map elements. Keywords: John Smith, history, map

Subject(s): Science, Social Studies
Type(s): Lessons and Activities
Level(s): Elementary School, Middle School
Aligned with the following standard(s): Maryland
Keywords: land use, John Smith and colonial times, Native American

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Captain John Smith 400 Project: Curriculum Guide

In conjunction with the Maryland State Department of Education and the Maryland Geographic Alliance, the Sultana Project has developed a curriculum unit based around the history of John Smith's 1608 voyage and the world of the early 17th century Chesapeake. The Captain John Smith Curriculum Unit consists of eight separate lesson plans designed for 4th and 5th grade students. The unit is aligned with goals and outcomes from the Maryland State Department of Education's voluntary state curriculum.

Subject(s): Language Arts, Science, Social Studies
Type(s): Curriculum Guide
Level(s): Elementary School, Middle School
Aligned with the following standard(s): Maryland
Keywords: population growth, land use, development, ecosystem and biomes, forest, John Smith and colonial times, Native American, renewable resource, water quality, wildlife

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Native Americans of the Chesapeake Bay Lesson: Using Primary and Secondary Sources

This is a great resource. Students will interpret primary and secondary sources to gather information about the American Indian tribes present in the Chesapeake Bay region in the 16th and 17th centuries. They will then identify basic elements in American Indian culture at point of first contact in the Chesapeake region such as clothing, agricultural practices, architecture, cooking techniques and diet.

Subject(s): Language Arts, Social Studies
Type(s): Lessons and Activities
Level(s): Elementary School, Middle School
Aligned with the following standard(s): Maryland
Keywords: John Smith and colonial times, Native American

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Captain John Smith's Map

Download a pdf of Captain John Smith's map of the Chesapeake Bay.

Subject(s): Science, Social Studies
Type(s): Posters and Maps
Level(s): High School
Keywords: culture and watermen, John Smith and colonial times, Native American

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Buildings: An Educational Module for Archaeology

Although the original structures at Jamestown are long gone, archaeologists examine many types of evidence to learn how they may have looked. Starting from a single post hole, can you recreate a building? You can apply for a grant to do some research, but your funds are limited! This online, interactive exercise is provided free to all students and educators.

Subject(s): Social Studies
Type(s): Multimedia
Level(s): Elementary School, Middle School
Keywords: John Smith and colonial times, Native American

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Before the English Poster

This poster hows what Jamestowne was like before English settlement.

Subject(s): Social Studies
Type(s): Posters and Maps
Level(s): Middle School, High School
Keywords: John Smith and colonial times, Native American

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Artifacts: An Educational Module for Archaeology

Start with a careful virtual excavation of a unit from the historic Jamestowne archaeological site and see what you find. Once you have collected the artifacts, research and record them in the archaeology lab!

Subject(s): Social Studies
Type(s): Multimedia
Level(s): Elementary School, Middle School, High School
Keywords: John Smith and colonial times, Native American

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America in 1607: Jamestown and the Powhatan Interactive Website

Your students can explore the historic Jamestown fort and the Powhatan village of Werowocomoco through this interactive feature brought to you by National Geographic.

Subject(s): Social Studies
Type(s): Multimedia
Level(s): Middle School, High School
Keywords: John Smith and colonial times, Native American

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Pocahontas: Ambassador to the New World

Pocahontas: Ambassador to the New World ventures beyond the common myth about Pocahontas and provides a revealing look into the tragic yet heroic life of one of the world’s most famous princesses. Students will be able to describe the impact Pocahontas had on English and Native American relations during her lifetime.

Subject(s): Social Studies
Type(s): Lessons and Activities
Level(s): Middle School, High School
Aligned with the following standard(s): National Science Education
Keywords: John Smith and colonial times, Native American

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How Do They Know That Lesson

Students explore the methods historians use to reconstruct the past by learning about forest succession and local history.

Subject(s): Science, Social Studies
Type(s): Lessons and Activities
Level(s): High School
Aligned with the following standard(s): Pennsylvania
Keywords: culture and watermen, forest, Native American

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Who Cares about the Forest Lesson

Examines the contemporary vs. Native American views of our natural environment. Students will become familiar with the many uses of wood as a natural resource and reflect on the spectrum of views on the natural environment.

Subject(s): Science, Social Studies
Type(s): Lessons and Activities
Level(s): Middle School, High School
Aligned with the following standard(s): Pennsylvania
Keywords: water and energy conservation, forest, Native American, renewable resource

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Chemistry of Iron and Charcoal Manuafacturing in Pennsylvania Lesson

In this lesson student identify the historical purpose of forests in Pennsylvania. They learn about the iron manufacturing process and write and explain the chemical formula of making charcoal.

Subject(s): Science, Social Studies
Type(s): Lessons and Activities
Level(s): Middle School, High School
Keywords: forest, John Smith and colonial times, Native American, renewable resource

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Renewable Resources: Ancient Civilizations Lesson

Students will explore how ancient civilizations managed their resources.

Subject(s): Science, Social Studies
Type(s): Lessons and Activities
Level(s): Middle School
Keywords: culture and watermen, forest, Native American, renewable resource

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The History of Maple Syrup Lesson

Students will explore how maple sugaring began and experience the ways the pioneers and Indians produced sugar.

Subject(s): Science, Social Studies
Type(s): Lessons and Activities
Level(s): Elementary School
Aligned with the following standard(s): Pennsylvania
Keywords: forest, John Smith and colonial times, Native American

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