Teaching Resources

Teaching environmental issues in your classroom is a critical component of providing your students a Meaningful Watershed Educational Experience. Discover a wealth Chesapeake Bay related books, multimedia, curriculum guides, individual lesson plans and online data sources.

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Resources > Language Arts   > John Smith and colonial times  
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Waterways

As a result of this lesson, students develop a map that identifies waterways that have been important in the transportation of goods and people in the United States. Students will use color to show how the use of waterways has changed over time, and will diagram the methods of water travel through history.

Subject(s): Language Arts, Social Studies
Type(s): Lessons and Activities
Level(s): Elementary School
Keywords: boats, canoes and kayaks, culture and watermen, John Smith and colonial times, Native American, transportation

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Beyond Jamestown: Virginia Indians Yesterday and Today Teacher Guide

This teacher guide explores Virginia Indian history from the Indian perspective and shows that Virginia Indian cultures are vibrant and thriving. Activities include pottery making, corn husk dolls and three sister gardening.

Subject(s): Art, Language Arts, Social Studies
Type(s): Curriculum Guide
Level(s): Elementary School, Middle School
Aligned with the following standard(s): Virginia
Keywords: John Smith and colonial times, Native American

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Riverworks Discovery: Wheel House Log Book

The Hudson, Delaware, Susquehanna, Potomac, and James Rivers are some of the most important in the Mid-Atlantic region. These historic rivers contribute to our nation’s economy, history, and culture. This information and activity packet provides content on watersheds, early exploration of the region, the history of water travel and trade, and more.

Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies
Type(s): Lessons and Activities
Level(s): Elementary School
Keywords: boats, canoes and kayaks, development, air pollution and fossil fuels, culture and watermen, John Smith and colonial times, litter, trash and recycling, Native American, restoration, transportation

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We Have a Story to Tell Teaching Guide -- The Native Peoples of the Chesapeake Region

This teaching guide is intended for use with students in grades 9-12. The guide identifies Native American ways of life before, during and after contact with Europeans. It focuses especially on how Powhatan, Nanticoke, and Piscataway peoples responded to the upheavals that began with the colonial period and includes activities that focus on critical contemporary issues that affect Native communities in the region.

Subject(s): Language Arts, Social Studies
Type(s): Curriculum Guide
Level(s): High School
Keywords: John Smith and colonial times, Native American

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Captain John Smith 400 Project: Curriculum Guide

In conjunction with the Maryland State Department of Education and the Maryland Geographic Alliance, the Sultana Project has developed a curriculum unit based around the history of John Smith's 1608 voyage and the world of the early 17th century Chesapeake. The Captain John Smith Curriculum Unit consists of eight separate lesson plans designed for 4th and 5th grade students. The unit is aligned with goals and outcomes from the Maryland State Department of Education's voluntary state curriculum.

Subject(s): Language Arts, Science, Social Studies
Type(s): Curriculum Guide
Level(s): Elementary School, Middle School
Aligned with the following standard(s): Maryland
Keywords: population growth, land use, development, ecosystem and biomes, forest, John Smith and colonial times, Native American, renewable resource, water quality, wildlife

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Native Americans of the Chesapeake Bay Lesson: Using Primary and Secondary Sources

This is a great resource. Students will interpret primary and secondary sources to gather information about the American Indian tribes present in the Chesapeake Bay region in the 16th and 17th centuries. They will then identify basic elements in American Indian culture at point of first contact in the Chesapeake region such as clothing, agricultural practices, architecture, cooking techniques and diet.

Subject(s): Language Arts, Social Studies
Type(s): Lessons and Activities
Level(s): Elementary School, Middle School
Aligned with the following standard(s): Maryland
Keywords: John Smith and colonial times, Native American

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Wetlands Reading List Pre-Kindergarten through Grade 12

The Wetlands Reading List is an annotated list of printed material that will supplement lesson plans and provide students with suggestions for independent reading on wetlands. This is a great resource to help you find the wetlands book you are looking for!

Subject(s): Language Arts, Science, Social Studies
Type(s): Books and Publications
Level(s): Early Learning, Elementary School, Middle School, High School
Keywords: pollution, wetland, watershed, culture and watermen, John Smith and colonial times, restoration, wildlife

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Captain John Smith's Chesapeake Bay Lesson

Students will compare and contrast the Chesapeake bay of today verses the Chesapeake bay of John Smith's day. They will read excerpts from Smith's description of his exploration of the Bay and its rivers and analyze Smith's map of the Chesapeake.

Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies
Type(s): Lessons and Activities
Level(s): Elementary School, Middle School
Aligned with the following standard(s): Virginia
Keywords: land use, watershed, culture and watermen, John Smith and colonial times

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Jamestown in the Media: Distinguishing Fact from Opinion Lesson

Newspaper articles are a mix of fact and opinion. The articles written about the recent archaeological findings at Historic Jamestowne are no different. Students participating in this exercise will use their reading comprehension and critical thinking skills to separate fact from opinion.

Subject(s): Language Arts
Type(s): Lessons and Activities
Level(s): Middle School
Aligned with the following standard(s): Virginia
Keywords: John Smith and colonial times

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Henry Spelman: The Powhatan Indians' English Boy

Henry Spelman was an English teenager who was among the first settlers at Jamestown. He lived with the local Indians for several years and gives us a unique perspective in this auto-biographical excerpt. This exercise will test students' reading comprehension and writing skills.

Subject(s): Language Arts
Type(s): Lessons and Activities
Level(s): Middle School
Aligned with the following standard(s): Virginia
Keywords: John Smith and colonial times, Native American

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You Shall Do Your Best Endeavor Lesson

The colonists at Jamestown were given specific instructions about what to look for in a possible settlement site. Using excerpts from a primary document and evidence collected by Jamestown Rediscovery archaeologists, students will examine the significance of the settlers' directives and how closely they adhered to them.

Subject(s): Language Arts, Social Studies
Type(s): Lessons and Activities
Level(s): Elementary School
Aligned with the following standard(s): Virginia
Keywords: John Smith and colonial times

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Finding Their New World Lesson

In this geography lesson, students will learn basic map skills and plot the location of James Fort. Skills include interpret maps and their symbols and cardinal directions.

Subject(s): Language Arts, Social Studies
Type(s): Lessons and Activities
Level(s): Elementary School
Aligned with the following standard(s): Virginia
Keywords: John Smith and colonial times

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Colonial Chesapeake Map

Sultana Projects' 20" x 30" educational poster, Sultana on the Colonial Chesapeake, details the schooner Sultana's exploits on the Chesapeake Bay between 1769 and 1771. These posters are available to classroom teachers free of charge. To obtain a copy, contact Chris Cerino at 410-778-5954 or ccerino@sultanaprojects.org.

Subject(s): Language Arts, Science, Social Studies
Type(s): Posters and Maps
Level(s): Elementary School, Middle School, High School
Keywords: culture and watermen, John Smith and colonial times

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Colonial History Unit - Sea of Change

Sultana's Colonial History classroom unit, entitled "Sea of Change: Sultana, the Tea Taxes and the Dawn of the American Revolution," is targeted towards 4-6th grade students. The unit examines the world of pre-revolutionary America through the lens of the 1768 British Royal Navy tax collecting schooner Sultana.

Subject(s): Language Arts, Social Studies
Type(s): Curriculum Guide
Level(s): Elementary School, Middle School
Keywords: boats, canoes and kayaks, land use, culture and watermen, John Smith and colonial times, Native American

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The Chesapeake Bay in Captain John Smith's Time Lesson

Students will analyze primary sources in order to assess the presence of various animals and the quality of the Chesapeake Bay habitats in the 1600s. Then compare the Chesapeake Bay of the 1600s with that of today.

Subject(s): Language Arts, Science, Social Studies
Type(s): Lessons and Activities
Level(s): Elementary School, Middle School
Aligned with the following standard(s): Maryland
Keywords: culture and watermen, habitat and niche, John Smith and colonial times

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Captain John Smith's Shallop Curriculum Guide

This curriculum guide contains lessons that teach students about Captain John Smith's Shallop. Students will learn the part of a shallop, give examples of how shallops were used by the colonists and compare Captain John Smith's shallop to an Indian dugout canoe. This resource contains four teacher transparencies and four student handouts.

Subject(s): Language Arts, Science
Type(s): Curriculum Guide, Lessons and Activities
Level(s): Middle School
Keywords: culture and watermen, John Smith and colonial times, Native American

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