Wildlife Habitat Projects

The Chesapeake Bay region provides a wide range of habitats supporting over 3,600 species of plants and animals. The Bay watershed provides “habitat highways” for fish along the Atlantic coast and birds migrating along the Atlantic Flyway.  Underwater grasses, rivers, streams, wetlands, meadows and forests provide thousands of species with food, shelter, breeding grounds and nurseries for raising young. Woodlands provide diverse layers that wildlife depends on for food, shelter and safe migration paths. Meadow plants provide erosion control and support an impressive variety of wildlife, and native plantings support pollinators and beneficial insects that are the cornerstone of healthy ecosystems. Wetlands and forest buffers trap runoff, mitigate flooding and slow the flow of pollution into waterways. Rivers and streams act as arteries that connect the watershed, providing passage for migratory fish and a physical connection from communities to the Bay.  Sadly, these vital habitats continue to be threatened by human development and pollution. Learn how to protect, create and restore critical wildlife habitat with the projects below!

Tip: Don’t miss out on the Wildlife Habitat Project Resources page! Find incredible state & local project-specific resources for all six Bay watershed states and D.C.


Blue bird perched in a tree - Courtesy of USFWS

Features to Attract & Support Wildlife

Explore dozens of projects to create habitat features to attract and support birds, bees, butterflies, amphibians, mammals & more!

Projects »

  • Install Features & Habitats for Wildlife
  • Wildlife Problem-Solving
  • Forests along Maryland's Savage River

    Forest Buffers

    If you have a stream or river on or near your school property, planting the edge can drastically improve water quality and increase wildlife habitat.

    Projects »

  • Plant a Forest Buffer
  • Meadow on Chesapeake Bay Watershed - Courtesy of USFWS


    Plant a meadow to provide erosion control, increase native habitat, and help restore plant and animal populations!

    Projects »

  • Plant a Meadow
  • Invasive Asian Long-horned Beetle - Courtesy of USFWS/James Applebee

    Native Plants and Invasive Species

    Learn how to choose, find and design with native plants to reduce pollution and increase wildlife habitat, and how to identify and manage invasive plant & animal species.

    Projects »

  • Identify & Manage Invasive Species
  • Chesapeake Region Native Plants
  • Students visiting a wetland - Courtesy of USFWS

    School Wetlands

    Wetlands provide critical wildlife habitat and absorb stormwater runoff, plus a schoolyard wetland can also be a fascinating outdoor laboratory! Learn how to create, restore or enhance a wetland project on school grounds.

    Projects »

  • Plan a School Wetlands Project
  • Student examining stream - Courtesy of USFWS


    Did you know that everyone in the Bay watershed lives within a half mile of a stream, creek or river that flows into the Bay? Learn how to improve and protect waterways near you.

    Projects »

  • Monitor Water Quality & Wildlife
  • Plan a Stream or River Clean-Up Event
  • Plant a Forest Buffer
  • Fog settling in a forest - Courtesy of USFWS

    Woodland Enhancement Projects

    Have woodlands you want to improve? Learn what you can do to manage a healthy forest or establish your own woodland wonderland beneath the trees.

    Projects »

  • Improve & Maintain Your Woods
  • Add Other Woodland Plants
  • Girl Scouts Planting at Camp Woodlands in Annapolis, Md.

    Woodland Starter Projects

    Interested in a woodlands project, but don’t know where to start? Check out these projects to see how you can make your school grounds greener!

    Projects »

  • Grow a Forest: Tree & Shrub Nursery
  • Choose and Plant Trees & Shrubs